Writing code in a computer language is programming. Learn how computer science involves increasingly complex technological concepts and abilities and is much more than just coding.


Despite their apparent similarity, computer science and computer programming or coding differ significantly. Programming is a smaller aspect of that broad field of computer science, further fragmented into individual coding languages like Python, Java, or HTML, whereas computer science offers a comprehensive understanding of all facets of contemporary, interconnected computers and large-scale, complex systems (for example, a customized machine learning algorithm). While programming takes place in the execution or implementation stage, computer science is wide and strategic.


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While both can be worthwhile areas of study, you must be aware of the key distinctions between computer science and computer programming to match your academic interests with your professional aspirations.


So, without further ado, let's get started!


What is Computer Programming?

Coding and computer programming are essentially the same thing. Some estimates place the number of coding languages at around 700, although about a dozen are used most commonly in industry and government for back-end development or front-end applications (such as websites, mobile apps, and games) (web servers, databases, and integrations). Writing code in programming languages like HTML/CSS, JavaScript, Python, Java, C#, and others, then testing it to ensure it sends the right instructions for a network of connected computers to carry out tasks as specified, is known as computer programming. The first widely used programming language (Assembly Language) was developed in 1949, despite the fact that it is commonly accepted that the first computer language was invented in 1883 to facilitate number operations.


What distinguishes computer programming from computer science?

Many programmers and software engineers can only put into practice the programs that other computer scientists come up with, severely restricting their ability to spur innovation in their industry. Advanced computer scientists are equipped with the fundamental knowledge needed to apply their abilities, including programming, to nearly any problem. In a restaurant, a Line Cook can follow a recipe and execute it properly, but a Michelin-Star Chef will develop new recipes, introduce novel techniques, and continue to hone and improve those recipes over time.


What is Java Programming?

The object-oriented, class-based, general-purpose programming language Java was created to have fewer implementation requirements. It is an application development platform for computers. Java is consequently quick, safe, and trustworthy. It is commonly used to create Java applications for smartphones, game consoles, laptops, data centers, and other devices.


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What is the purpose of Java?

Several significant Java programs are listed below:


  • It is utilized to create Android applications.
  • Allows you to construct a variety of mobile Java applications and enterprise software
  • Computing Applications in Science
  • Use of Hardware Devices for Java Programming for Big Data Analytics
  • Utilized by server-side technologies such as Apache, JBoss, GlassFish, etc.


What are the Different Skills Needed for Computer Science vs Programming?

A wider variety of skill sets are needed because computer science occupations offer more options than programming careers.


Among these abilities are:


  • Knowledge of computers and technology: Computer scientists must comprehend machine architecture and how computers and operating systems function.


  • While coding is not a computer scientist's primary responsibility, it is a vital ability. You must comprehend many programming languages, algorithms, and data structures in order to advance in your career.


  • Data management is a skill that computer scientists must possess. This includes the deft use of databases and other technologies for collecting, arranging, and manipulating significant amounts of data.


  • Communication skills are necessary for jobs in computer science because they involve working with professionals and laypeople. Technical writing, public speaking, and data visualization are essential abilities for computer scientists.


  • Math: Math assists in efficient problem-solving and aids in the understanding of data structures and programming languages. Calculus, linear algebra, statistics, and other sophisticated mathematics are necessary for computer scientists.



Computer science is the study of machines that process information. This includes the development of computer hardware and software. The average salary for a computer scientist is $80,000, but this can vary depending on the industry that they work in. The required education to become a computer scientist is an associate's or bachelor's degree in computer science and mathematics or computer engineering. Many students study computer science instead of computer engineering because the former teaches you more theoretical computer science, focused on how the technology works, while the latter teaches more hands-on engineering, focused on building it.


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